In the 1960s, Malaysian government introduced the land settlement schemes for planting oil palm as a means to eradicate poverty for the landless farmers and smallholders through the Federal Land and Development Authority (FELDA). Later years, the growth in production for export was facilitated by the development of infrastructure of roads, railways, ports, and telecommunications. The large inflow of immigrants also has created a multi-ethnic population under a single political administration.
Malaysia’s development is considered as rapid. Malaysian government has structured the development plans in the “Rancangan Malaysia” which each plan covers a 5 year plan. In the 1960s, without realising, Malaysia has somewhat executed actions for sustainable development.